2 edition of Trans-Alaska Pipeline System Reform Act of 1989 found in the catalog.
Trans-Alaska Pipeline System Reform Act of 1989
United States. Congress. House. Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries. Subcommittee on Coast Guard and Navigation
1990 by U.S. G.P.O., For sale by the Supt. of Docs., Congressional Sales Office, U.S. G.P.O. in Washington .
Written in English
|Other titles||Trans Alaska Pipeline System Reform Act of 1989|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||iv, 196 p. :|
|Number of Pages||196|
As the flows of oil in the line drop, the velocity of the oil flow decreases, too, increasing the time it takes for the oil to reach Valdez. The Valdez Terminal covers 1, acres and has facilities for crude oil metering, storage, transfer and loading. Where it is buried, the pipe is embedded in a deep ditch, insulated with gravel padding and covered with dirt and in cases of road crossings, the buried line is also refrigerated to prevent thawing. Last Updated: February 20, Gleason, relying on testimony from a former state oil-production forecaster whom she found more credible, ruled that the pipeline could access more than 7 billion barrels there, extending the pipeline's life to We recognize the litigation track may be slow, but it does not preclude simultaneous discussions with the owners.
By last year they dropped to aboutbarrels per day. Nevertheless, the ramifications of the two studies are a world apart. Description — Above-ground — Specially designed vertical supports were placed in drilled holes or driven into the ground. It also was necessary to incorporate some crossings so that the pipeline-measuring 1. Despite the myriad challenges, the pipeline was completed on schedule in July
While private vehicles are not allowed to drive past Deadhorse to the Prudhoe Bay oil fields or the Arctic Ocean, access can be gained through a tour company. Refrigeration plants at each of these points circulate chilled brine through loops of 6 inch diameter pipe to maintain the soil in a stable frozen condition. Clusen says that Gleason's decision shows there are many other oil reserves available to the oil industry that the companies are leaving out when they say they're running out of oil and have to tap ANWR to get more. The Alaska Lawyer Referral Service or your local bar association may be able to assist you in locating a lawyer. The President was to report to Congress on actions taken and recommendations for further action.
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The Atigun pipe replacement section, 8. In areas of thaw-unstable soils, and where heat from the oil in the pipeline might cause thawing and consequent loss of soil foundation stability, the pipeline was insulated and elevated above ground by means of a unique support system.
North Slope oil began moving through the mile pipeline system on June 20, Map courtesy USGS. Wax builds up in the line at cool temperatures, too, constricting the flow of oil in the line and requiring regular maintenance to scrape away the wax.
Hailed as a marvel of engineering when it opened in Trans-Alaska Pipeline System Reform Act of 1989 book, the pipeline is a complex system of pipes and pump stations that last year sent million barrels of crude miles from the North Slope oil fields south across three mountain ranges to Valdez on Prince William Sound, miles east of Anchorage.
Our experience indicates that pipelines are generally safe but require regulation and continuing inspections. The president accurately projected that the pipeline would be completed in and would eventually carry 2 million barrels of oil a day to port facilities in Valdez, Alaska, where tankers would carry it to the lower 48 states.
How we test gear. More than a quarter million gallons one million litres of oil spilled onto the tundraand Prudhoe Bay production was halved as engineers spent months replacing corroded pipe.
Alyeska's own study, done last June, suggested that if flows in the pipeline were to drop tobarrels per day in January, the oil, which enters the line at around degrees Fahrenheit, would dip to temperatures below 32 degrees by the time it reached the midpoint of the pipeline. Advertisement - Continue Reading Below.
The pipeline owners filed their proposed interstate tariffs Dec. While the companies lobby, the amount of oil moving through the pipeline continues to dwindle. Our settlement agreement with the pipeline owners prohibits discrimination in the rates.
According to Alyeska Pipeline Service data, between andtotal annual capacity has dropped 38 percent. The source for energy and environment news — weekday mornings, in your inbox.
With the laying Trans-Alaska Pipeline System Reform Act of 1989 book the first section of pipe on March 27,construction began on what at the time was the largest private construction project in American history.
First oil moved through the pipeline on June 20, Electrical currents in the earth's surface, called "telluric currents" and caused by the same phenomenon that generates the Northern Lights, can be picked up by the pipeline and zinc anodes.
The size of the job was enormous; it required more than 10, pieces of equipment and a workforce that peaked at more than 21, Insulation Refrigerated below-ground pipeline, thickness That decline is creating a very expensive engineering problem, says the pipeline's operator, Alyeska Pipeline Services—a company owned by the North Slope's major oil industry players including Trans-Alaska Pipeline System Reform Act of 1989 book, ExxonMobil, Chevron, ConocoPhillips, and Koch Industries.
To avoid damaging the permafrost, kilometers of the pipeline were elevated above ground. In addition, the Secretary of the Interior was to investigate, and to report to Congress within 2 years of Nov.
The Trans-Alaska Pipeline System, designed and constructed to carry billions of barrels of North Slope oil to the port of Valdez, has been recognized as a landmark of engineering. The BP study, conducted without the knowledge of Alyeska, suggested that if the oil in the pipeline were heated along its route, TAPS could operate with a throughput down to 70, barrels per day—much lower than thebarrel minimum Alyeska's study suggested.
John Felmy, chief economist for the American Petroleum Institute, says that now those companies believe the most profitable resources to tap will be the easy-to-reach oil in places they're not yet allowed to drill: parts of the National Petroleum Reserve, the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, and the Chukchi and Beaufort seas just offshore of the North Slope.
For U. We may earn money if you buy from a link. The study concluded that the pipeline could carry no less thantobarrels of crude per day during the winter before major flow problems prevent the pipeline from operating safely.
But some watchdogs say the industry may be fudging its numbers as part of a ploy to get access to new, potentially rich oil fields. The harder—and more controversial—question is whether it's worth the money, especially if ANWR and other areas remain off-limits.
Despite the myriad challenges, the pipeline was completed on schedule in July We recognize the litigation track may be slow, but it does not preclude simultaneous discussions with the owners.Federal Decisionmaking and the Trans-Alaska Pipeline Henry R.
Myers* I INTRODUCTION In oil was discovered in Alaska on the North Slope of the Brooks Range in the vicinity of Prudhoe Bay.1 By early it was established that the discovery was one of major, proportions.
The oil. The Trans-Alaska Pipeline Authorization Act of is a United States federal law signed by Richard Nixon on November 16, that authorized the building of an oil pipeline connecting the North Slope of Alaska to Port galisend.comically, it halted all legal challenges - filed primarily by environmental activists - against the construction of the galisend.comd by: the 93rd United States Congress.
Shown Here: Introduced in House (09/14/) Trans-Alaska Pipeline System Reform Act of - Title I: Trans-Alaska Pipeline System Fund and Liability - Amends the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System Authorization Act to repeal the limits placed on liability for oil pollution damages caused by a holder of a pipeline right-of-way.
Declares that certain liability provisions of the Act shall apply only.Nov 18, pdf No one has or can deny the hazard earthquakes pose to the Trans-Alaska pipeline. The Trans-Alaska pipeline system has weighed these risks of pipeline breakage against profits and it .`Trans-Alaska Pipeline System Reform Act of '.'' Short Title Section of title II of Pub.
L. provided that: ``This title [enacting this chapter] may be cited as the `Trans-Alaska Pipeline Authorization Act'.'' Separability Section of Pub.
L. provided that: ``If any provision of.AN ACT To amend section 28 ebook the Mineral Leasing Act ebookand to authorize a trans-Alaska oil pipeline, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, TITLE I øSection amended section 28 of the Mineral Leasing Act of ¿ TITLE II SHORT TITLE.